Macular Degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in America. It is characterized by loss of the central vision while retaining the side or peripheral vision. There are two types of AMD (Age related macular degeneration).
The first is the dry type, this is what 90% of people with AMD have. This type is characterized as mild to moderate breakdown of the membrane under the macula.
The second type is the wet type. This is the most vision devastating type and characterized by breakdown of the membrane under the macula enough that it splits and blood vessels under the macula grow and leak blood into the central vision throughout the split membrane. Treatment of wet macular degeneration includes injection and laser treatments.